A. tM+Ro (Inertia)

loZizFke U;wVu us i`Foh dh bl fo”ks’krk dk irk yxk;k Fkk fd ÞizR;sd ifjorZu ds fo:) tM+Ro dk;Z djrk gSAß ;fn ge fdlh izdkj dk ifjorZu djuk pkgsa rks tM+Ro vius vki ifjorZu ds fo:) Hkwfedk fuHkk dj bldk fojks/k djsxkA bl tM+Ro cy ij ikj ikus ds fy;s ges brus euksoSKkfud o HkkSfrd cy yxkus iM+sxsa ftudk izHkko tM+Ro cy ls vf/kd gksxkA gedksa viuh {kerk dk Lrj bruk cuk, j[kuk iM+sxk ge tM+Ro ij ikj ikus esa lQy gks ldsaA

SPUN – ifjorZu dk r; y{; izkIr djus gsrq viuh {kerk cy bruk cuk, j[kuk iM+sxk fd ge tM+Ro cy ij ikj ik ldsA

B. lEHkkouk(Probability)

yxHkx lHkh O;fä;ksa esa ;g :fp gksrh gS fd fudV Hkfo’; vkSj nh?kZ dkyhu Hkfo’; esa D;k ?kfVr gksus okyk gSA os vius vuqHkoksa ds vk/kkj ij Hkfo’; dh ?kVukvksa ds ckjs esa vuqeku yxk dj mEehn txkrs gSaA dbZ O;fä lanHkZ fo”ks’k esa fo”ks’kK vFkok T;ksfrf’k dh jk; ysrs gaSA vHkh rd dksbZ Hkh O;fä ,slk bl nqfu;k esa ugh vk;k gS tks fdlh Hkh eqÌs fo”ks’k ds lEcU/k esa ?kfVr gksus okyh ?kVukvksa dh “krizfr”kr lgh Hkfo’; ok.kh dj ldsaA dbZ oSKkfudksa }kjk izÑfr dk v/;;u fd;k x;k gSa mldk ifj.kke Hkh ;g n”kkZrk gaS fd ge fdlh Hkh eqÌs ds Hkfo’; ds ckjs esa “krizfr”kr lgh tkudkjh ugha tku ldrs gaSA ge ek= lEHkkouk ds :Ik esa tkudkjh O;ä dj ldrs gSa tks ges”kk “krizfr”kr ls de gksxhA HkkSfrdh fo’k; ds vUrxZr ÞDokaVe ;kaf=dhß (Quantum Mechanics) Hkh izÑfr ds v/;;u ds ckn ,slk gh fopkj O;ä djrh gSA ;fn cgqr de lEHkkouk okyh ?kVuk ?kV tk, vkSj cgqr lEHkkouk okyh ?kVuk ugha ?kVs rks vke O;fä bls peRdkj ekurs gaSA

SPUN – xgjh] O;kid vkSj nwjxkeh vUrZn`f’V fodflr dj Hkfo’; esa ?kVus okyh ?kVukvksa dh lEHkkouk dk vuqeku yxk,A

C. lkis{krk (Relativity)

20 oha “krkCnh oSKkfud vycVZ vkbaLVhu dks lefiZr gS ftlus izÑfr ds xgu v/;;u ds ckn fopkj fn;k fd tks dqN Hkh ge voyksdu (Observation) djrs gS og ml fo”ks’k LFkku ,oa le; (Space and Time) ds lkis{k gksrk gSA LFkku ,oa le; fujUrj cnyrs jgrs gSa vr% ogh ge iqu% voyksdu djrs gS rks ifj.kke vyx&vyx vkuk vk”p;Z ugha gSA ;fn ge nksuksa ckj ds le; ,oa LFkku ds e/; lEcU/k tkurs gSa rks nksuksa ifj.kkeksa dk vkil esa lglEcU/k tku ldrs gSaA mijksä izdkj dh ?kVuk,¡ nSfud thou esa Hkh ?kVrh jgrh gSA ;fn ,d ?kVuk dk voyksdu nks O;fä vyx&vyx LFkku vkSj le; ij djrs gS rks LokHkkfod :Ik ls vyx ifj.kke vkrs gSA Þlghß vkSj Þxyrß dh uk le>h ds f”kdkj nksuksa O;fä curs gS rFkk nksuksa esa erHksn gks tkrs gSaA ;fn nksuksa vius ,d&nwljs ds LFkku o le; ds chp lg lEcU/k LFkkfir dj leUo; djrs gS rks muesa erHksn mRiUu ugh gksrs gSA ;g “kkafr LFkkfir djus dk ,d jkLrk gSA O;fä] ifjokj] lekt] ns”k vkSj nqfu;k lHkh easa lkis{krk dk fl)kUr ykxw gksrk gSA Þije lR;ß ds vfLrRo dk voyksdu gekjs fy;s lEHko ugha gksrk gSA tks Hkh ge ns[krs gS] lqurs gS vkSj KkusfUnz;ksa }kjk vuqHko djrs gS og lc lkis{k gksrk gSA

SPUN – egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; ysrs le; ;fn vyx&vyx jk;@fopkj@eu gekjs lkeus gS rks lkis{krk dh lksp dh enn yhft,A

D. izR;sd O;fDr fo'ks"k (Exclusive Individual identity)

izÑfr ds v/;;u ls oSKkfudksa us ;g irk yxk;k gaS fd dksbZ Hkh nks d.k iw.kZr;k ,d tSls ugha gks ldrs gSaA fdlh u fdlh ,d xq.k esa vlekurk vo”; gksxhA blh izdkj dksbZ Hkh nks euq’; iw.kZRk;k ,d tSls ugha gks ldrsA budh “kkjhfjd lajPkuk KkusfUnz;k eu bR;kfn esa vUrj LokHkkfod gS ,d gh ifjfLFkfr esa euq’;ksa ds vyx&vyx O;ogkj LokHkkfod gaSA bl izdkj ÞvUrjß ifjfLFkfr ,oa le;ß ds vuqlkj cnyrs jgrs gSaA ;fn ,d gh eqÌs ij vyx&vyx le; o ifjfLFkfr esa euq’; dk O;ogkj cny tkrk gS rks ;g vk”p;Z dh ckr ugh gSaA bl lECkU/k esa ;fn ge Li’V gksuk pkgrs gSa rks nwljs dh eu%fLFkfr dks le> dj mlds lkFk leUo; djuk gksxkA ,slk nwljs ds O;ogkj vkSj eu%fLFkfr ls tqM+ko LFkkfir djus ds ckn lEHko gaSA

SPUN - erHksnksa ds gy ds fy, Þvusdrk esa ,sdrkß dh lksp ennxkj gksrh gSA

E. vyx O;ogkj vyx le; ,oa ifjfLFkfr esaß (Different behaviours in different times and situations)

;g ,d oSKkfud rF; gS fd izÑfr esa fLFkr izR;sd d.k vyx le; vkSj ifjfLFkfr esa vyx O;ogkj djrk gSA ;g ckr euq’; ds O;ogkj ij Hkh ykxw gksrh gSA ifjfLFkfr cnyus ij d.k viuk O;ogkj cny dj rjax dh rjg O;ogkj djrk gS ;g vk”p;Z ugha cfYd lPpkbZ gSA O;fä nwljksa ds O;ogkj ifjorZu ls vlgt gks tkrs gSaA ;fn os izÑfr ds xq.kksa dks lgh rjhds ls tkusaxs rks vlgt ugha gksaxsA O;fä dks O;ogkj esa gksus okys ifjorZu ds Lo:Ik ,oa ifjfLFkfr dk lexz voyksdu dj mlds lkFk rn~uqlkj lEizs’k.k djuk pkfg,A

SPUN –- vlgt u gks ;fn le; vkSj ifjfLFkfr ds cnyus ls O;fä ds O;ogkj esa ifjorZu vkrk gSA